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Pompei

city in Campania, Italy

Comune in Campania, Italy

Pompei


Coat of arms

Location of Pompei in Italy

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Pompei (Campania)

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Coordinates: 40°45′N 14°30′E / 40.750°N 14.500°E / 40.750; 14.500
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
Metropolitan cityNaples (NA)
FrazioniMessigno, Messigno, Ponte Nuovo, Treponti, Fontanelle, Parrelle, Ponte Izzo, Ponte Persica, Fossavalle, Chiesa della Giuliana
Government

 • MayorSergio Amitrano
Area
 • Total12 km2 (5 sq mi)
Elevation

14 m (46 ft)
Population
 • Total25,358
 • Density2,100/km2 (5,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Pompeiani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code

80045, 80040

Dialing code081
Patron saintBeata Vergine del Rosario
Saint day8 May
WebsiteOfficial website

Pompei (Italian: [pomˈpɛi]; Neapolitan: Pumpeje [pumˈbɛːjə]) is a city and comune in the Metropolitan City of Naples in Italy, home of the ancient Roman ruins Pompeii that are part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

History[edit]

Modern Pompei was founded in 1891 after the building of the Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei by the lawyer Bartolo Longo.

Geography[edit]

The town of Pompei is located at the eastern borders of its province, and its urban area is contiguous with Scafati, in the Province of Salerno. It borders also with Torre Annunziata, Castellammare di Stabia, Boscoreale, Santa Maria la Carità and Sant'Antonio Abate.

Main attractions[edit]

The city is mainly famous for the ruins of the ancient city of Pompeii, located in the zone of Pompei Scavi. The vast archaeological area is under the Unesco Patronage and attracts tourists from all around the world.

The Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei, dedicated to Our Lady of the Rosary, has become a site for Catholic pilgrimages in recent years. It houses a canvas by Luca Giordano. It was founded by a convert who reportedly experienced a miracle from the Virgin Mary; miracles have been reported since its foundation. The ex-votos that cover the walls of the church are a testimonial of the miracles granted by the Virgin Mary since the church was consecrated in 1891. Many churches, chapels, and shrines around the world are dedicated to Our Lady of Pompei.

The Bell Tower[edit]

The bell tower was built between 1912 and 1925. Designed by Aristide Leonori and his brother Pio Leonori, the bell tower is 80 metres high (260 ft). The top of the bell tower, which can be reached by taking a lift, allows visitors to enjoy a splendid view of the modern city, Mount Vesuvius and part of the ancient city of Pompeii.

Sacred Architecture[edit]

  • Shrine of Our Lady of Pompei
  • Church of San Salvatore
  • Church of Sacro Cuore di Gesù
  • Church of San Giuseppe sposo della Beata Vergine
  • Church of Santa Maria Assunta in Cielo
  • Church of Immacolata Concezione
  • Church of Madonna dell'Arco
  • Chapel of Madonna delle Grazie
  • Church of Sacri Cuori di Gesù e Maria

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18615,615—    
18715,753+0.24%
18816,267+0.86%
19017,342+0.79%
19117,684+0.46%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19218,382+0.87%
193110,054+1.84%
193611,792+3.24%
195115,037+1.63%
196120,366+3.08%
YearPop.±% p.a.
197121,547+0.57%
198122,934+0.63%
199125,177+0.94%
200125,751+0.23%
201125,620−0.05%
Source: ISTAT

Transportation[edit]

Pompei is served by the motorway A3 at the exits of Pompei-Scafati, Pompei Ovest (close to the ruins of Villa of the Mysteries) and also Castellammare di Stabia. It is crossed by the national roads SS 18 and SS 145.

Railways[edit]

On the Naples-Salerno line, owned by FS, is situated the main railway station and a little stop named Pompei Scavi (ruins of P.), closed in the 1970s. Onto two lines owned by the SFSM - Circumvesuviana, Pompei counts a total of 4 station. Pompei Santuario (P. Sanctuary, in the middle of the town) and Pompei Valle (close to Pompeii) lies on the Torre Annunziata-Pompei-Poggiomarino line. Pompei Scavi-Villa dei Misteri (serving the Villa of the Mysteries) and Moregine lie on the Naples-Torre Annunziata-Castellammare-Sorrento line.

Airports[edit]

The nearest airports are:

Pompei's main football team has been the A.S.D. Città di Pompei. The team no longer exists today.

Notable people[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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